Effect of Shock Wave Treatment for Erectile Dysfunction Wanes

After treatment with low-intensity shock wave treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED), only half of patients with initial treatment success maintain benefits at 2 years. Low-intensity shock wave treatment is effective for short-term treatment of erectile dysfunction, but its efficacy declines after 2 years, particularly in those with initial severe dysfunction, according to a study published in The Journal of […]

FDA approves expanded use of Gardasil 9 to include women and men 27 through 45 years old

What’s new? The U.S. Food and Drug Administration today approved a supplemental application for Gardasil 9 (Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 9-valent Vaccine, Recombinant) expanding the approved use of the vaccine from males and females aged 9 through 26 years to include men and women aged 27 through 45 years. Gardasil 9 prevents certain cancers and diseases caused by the nine HPV […]

Australia could eliminate Cervical Cancer soon
Can we eradicate Cervical Cancer in Singapore too?

https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanpub/article/PIIS2468-2667(18)30189-0/fulltext In May 2018, at the World Health Assembly, the Director-General of WHO made a global call for action towards the elimination of cervical cancer as a public health priority. The present focus of this initiative is to develop a global strategy and supporting approaches that can achieve this ambitious, but attainable goal in every country within […]


The latest research into immunisation against  chlamydia comes from the University of Texas (UT) Health San Antonio. “This research emphasizes the pre-exposure of chlamydia to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract as a vaccine,” said Guangming Zhong, M.D., Ph.D., professor at UT Health San Antonio. “The protection is very robust and is across tissues, which is called transmucosal immunity. Protected […]


The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) noted that the rates of chlamydia infection increased by 5% between 2010 and 2014 across countries in Europe. In 2014, two-thirds (63%) of the 396,000 reported cases were diagnosed among 15- to 24-year-olds. In fact, chlamydia is also the most common STD in Singapore. (Read our blog  April 25, 2018)  Similar to […]


https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/ecfc-dog083018.php 2018 was the year which saw the emergence of Super Gonorrhea, where the bacteria were resistant to standard antibiotic treatment. There has been a recent update, based on samples collected from patients in 2016. In August this year, results of the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP), were released. From a total of 2,660 samples […]

HIV – Undetectable equals Untransmittable
What does this mean? How does it affect you?

The introduction of anti -retroviral therapy (ART) for the treatment of HIV-positive persons has radically improved the life-expectancy of a fatal condition. At the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) in Amsterdam, it was announced that the chance of any HIV-positive person with an undetectable viral load (under 200 copies/ml) transmitting the virus to a sexual partner is scientifically equivalent […]

The Lancet: Response to HIV/AIDS epidemic at risk of ‘dangerous complacency’ as urgent change in approach is needed

HIV – Dangerous complacency, according to a new Lancet Commission led by the International AIDS About 37 million people worldwide live with HIV or Aids. And there are an estimated 1.8 million new cases every year. While new cases of HIV /Aids have been falling in recent years, infections have remained substantially higher for younger women than […]

What do we need to know? What may be done?

HIV is a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/STI). Anyone can contract HIV from an HIV-positive person, regardless of sexual orientation (heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual), race, gender or age.    However, is the risk of HIV the same for everyone?  Some groups of people are more likely to contract HIV than others due to the HIV status of their […]