When should a sexually active woman be worried that she may have a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/STI)? If a healthy person is exposed to blood or potentially infectious fluids (saliva, penile, vaginal or anal secretions) from a person infected with an STD/STI, there is a real risk of contracting it. While some people infected with […]
Vaginal secretions from glands in the vagina and vulva vary with the menstrual cycle. The secretions are usually clear or whitish. This type of vaginal discharge is normal. However, if there is a change in the discharge, such that the discharge becomes watery, cloudy, frothy or thick, it may be a sign of infection. Other […]
A penile discharge is a watery, cloudy or thick discharge from the tip of the penis. There may also be a “burning” pain when passing urine. Less often, there may be an itch inside the urethra (inside the tip of the penis and shaft of penis). A penile discharge is a sign of an infection, […]
If a healthy person is exposed to blood or potentially infectious fluids from an HIV-positive person, the only conclusive method of diagnosing HIV infection is through HIV testing/HIV screening. A rapid diagnostic test (RDT) is a medical diagnostic test that is quick and easy to perform. RDTs allow point-of-care testing by general practitioners (GPs) for conditions […]
The latest research into immunisation against chlamydia comes from the University of Texas (UT) Health San Antonio. “This research emphasizes the pre-exposure of chlamydia to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract as a vaccine,” said Guangming Zhong, M.D., Ph.D., professor at UT Health San Antonio. “The protection is very robust and is across tissues, which is called transmucosal immunity. Protected […]
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) noted that the rates of chlamydia infection increased by 5% between 2010 and 2014 across countries in Europe. In 2014, two-thirds (63%) of the 396,000 reported cases were diagnosed among 15- to 24-year-olds. In fact, chlamydia is also the most common STD in Singapore. (Read our blog April 25, 2018) Similar to […]
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-08/ecfc-dog083018.php 2018 was the year which saw the emergence of Super Gonorrhea, where the bacteria were resistant to standard antibiotic treatment. There has been a recent update, based on samples collected from patients in 2016. In August this year, results of the European Gonococcal Antimicrobial Surveillance Programme (Euro-GASP), were released. From a total of 2,660 samples […]
WHAT IS HIGH-RISK SEXUAL BEHAVIOUR? WHO IS AT RISK OF HIV?
What do we need to know? What may be done?
HIV is a sexually transmitted disease/infection (STD/STI). Anyone can contract HIV from an HIV-positive person, regardless of sexual orientation (heterosexual, bisexual or homosexual), race, gender or age. However, is the risk of HIV the same for everyone? Some groups of people are more likely to contract HIV than others due to the HIV status of their […]
There is a well-documented trend showing a sharp increase in the numbers of Chlamydia and Gonorrhoea. While this is a major concern, there is a more worrying problem emerging, namely, antibiotic resistance. Chlamydia is the most common sexually transmitted disease (STD) in Singapore. There is already significant antibiotic resistance to standard antibiotics given for this condition, which results in treatment failure […]
What do we need to know? Why does it matter? How does it affect us? The latest data from the Annual Surveillance Report 2017 (HIV , viral hepatitis and sexually transmissible diseases/infections (STDs/STIs) in Australia) by The Kirby Institute for infection and immunity in society 2017 is now available: https://kirby.unsw.edu.au/report/annual-surveillance-report-hiv-viral-hepatitis-and-stis-australia-2017 We share the key findings below. Between 2012 and 2016: […]