Chlamydia can be spread during vaginal, anal or oral sex.
If you have had chlamydia and were treated, you can still
get infected again through unprotected sex with someone with chlamydia.
Chlamydia is often called a “silent” infection, because 70–80% of cases have no symptoms and the infection can linger in the body for months or years before being discovered.
For 10-20% of cases, symptoms develop a few weeks after sex.
Common symptoms of chlamydia:
- In women: vaginal discharge or burning sensation when urinating
- In men: mucoid or watery discharge from the penis, burning sensation when urinating, tingling or vague discomfort in urethra and testicular pain and swelling
- Men and women can also get infection in the rectum. People may experience rectal pain, discharge or bleeding
- Men and women can also get infection in the eyes (conjunctivitis)
Polymerase chain reaction (PCR
) or nucleic acid amplification tests (NAAT/NAT
) are the most sensitive tests and suitable for self-collected vaginal swabs or urine-based screening. Tests may
be done on:
Cross Street Medical
- A urine sample or a swab of the cervix, vagina, or urethra
- Rectal swabs are required to diagnose infections in the rectum
- Mouth swabs are required to diagnose infections in the mouth
offers all relevant chlamydia screening tests. Speak to our doctors today about what you may need. Female doctors are available by appointment. We ensure patient privacy and confidentiality for all discussions, tests and treatments.
Usually, chlamydia causes symptoms at the site of infection.
Untreated chlamydia may also increase a person’s risk of HIV
In 10-15% of women with untreated chlamydia, infection can spread to the uterus and fallopian tubes, causing pelvic inflammatory disease, chronic pelvic pain, infertility and potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy. Some patients may also develop perihepatitis.
Chlamydia can be passed from an infected mother to her baby during childbirth. There is a significant risk of the baby developing conjunctivitis and pneumonia. Pre-natal screening is recommended.
Chlamydia may also cause reactive arthritis with or without urethritis and conjunctivitis (Reiter’s Syndrome).
A different strain of chlamydia trachomatis may cause lymphogranuloma venereum, an infection of the lymph nodes and lymphatics.
Chlamydia can be cured by antibiotics.
is a small risk of antibiotic resistance, so you may require more than one
course of antibiotics to cure the infection.
For positive cases, gonorrhoea, syphilis, and HIV should be tested.
Furthermore, all sexual partners (within 60 days of the onset
of symptoms) should be screened for chlamydia and treated.
treatment, patients should be tested again after three months, to confirm
successful treatment of chlamydia infection.Cross Street Medical
offers chlamydia treatment. Speak to our doctors today about what you may need. Female doctors are available by appointment. We ensure patient privacy and confidentiality for all discussions, tests and treatments.